What is aging and mature skin?

Over time, the ability of the sebaceous glands to produce oil slows down, often leading to skin dryness, wrinkles, fine lines, flakiness and other imperfections. Even if you had perfect skin, no one is immune to the skin changes brought about by aging. The first thing you may notice as your skin matures is that it is not that firm anymore. This is because your skin loses both collagen, which makes the skin firm and plump, and elastin, which gives skin strength and allows it to stretch.[1] Exposure to free radicals and UV rays from the sun can damage collagen and elastin, which causes your skin to sag and make you look old. This skin type is referred to as ageing mature skin. Another characteristic of this skin type is that it is generally associated with thinning of the skin, fine lines around the lips and eyes with deeper lines around the mouth and forehead, eye bags, darker circles and skin dryness.[2]

As you age, the skin may not regenerate new and healthy cells easily, and dead skin cells do not shed quickly.[3] This causes your skin to appear dull and rough. As the epidermis flattens, the skin also becomes more fragile and transparent, and it can bruise more easily. Other bodily changes brought by aging can also affect the skin appearance. Normally, fat loss can cause facial skin to sag or to appear more sunken – the same effect as a maturing skin.

There are several problems that people with ageing and mature skin can encounter. Because the sweat glands deplete with age, the skin loses most of its natural moisture resulting in a dull appearance which finally starts to itch and burn. Another problem is hyperpigmentation, especially in those persons with a history of prolonged sun exposure. While it is important to meet the daily needs of mature skin, it is necessary to keep in mind that not all elderly experience these skin problems.

What can cause early aging or maturing of the skin?

Chronological age and biological age are two different things. The process of aging is only remotely connected to your true age. Your physical appearance is sometimes an indicator of your biological age, which sometimes can be deceptive, especially if you have mature skin. Our genes are mainly responsible for maturation of the skin. The medical term for this type of aging is called “intrinsic aging”. There are different causes of mature skin for each individual. Early or premature aging is related to a variety of factors such as the following:

Sun exposure: UV rays from the sun can destroy the elastic-like fibers in the skin, which causes it to sag and lose its elasticity.[4] Over time, the sagging skin gets pulled by gravity resulting in a droopy appearance.

Smoking: The nicotine in cigarettes accelerates aging by decreasing collagen synthesis.[5] If the production of collagen (protein that makes your skin firm and plump) is delayed and its amount decreases, your skin can sag and may look old.

Diet: A diet rich in sugar and other refined carbohydrates accelerates aging through a process called glycation – a process in which blood sugar molecules and fat molecules interacts with protein molecules and damage the protein.[6] Wrinkling of the skin is one example of what this process can do. Also, frequent alcohol consumption can accelerate aging as it depletes the body’s nutrients.[7]

Wrong use of skin-care products: Lotions, hair oil or cream containing refined oil or petroleum waste can accelerate skin aging.[8]

Lack of sleep and stress: Sleep deprivation together with stress increases serum concentrations of pro-inflammatory cytokines which can accelerate the aging process.[9]

Medications: Drugs used to treat cholesterol such as statins can speed up the process of aging.[10]

Chronic illness: An underlying medical condition such as progeria can cause premature aging of the skin.

The anti-ageing treatment for mature skin?

Different skin-care regimens may be necessary in individuals of the same age according to their skin type. New treatments and less-invasive procedures for mature skin, to reduce wrinkles and improve one’s complexion are available in the market today. But even people who already display signs of mature skin can still benefit from making lifestyle modifications.

To treat mature skin:

Choose a cleanser fortified with alpha (AHA) or beta hydroxy acids (BHA): Using the correct cleanser for your skin types can be “Super-boosted” with the Fruit Acid Mix Serum. This serum is 100% extracted from natural fruits, including sugar cane, sugar maple, orange and lemon. It speeds up the sloughed dead skin cells and increases the growth of collagen in the dermal layer. Slowly introduce it into the skin care routine, use 1-3 times weekly at night time, if tolerated. These ingredients help increase cell replacement which slows maturation of the skin, and they also help clean and shrink visible large pores.[11] The use of AHA / BHA in cleansers also removes the need for toner, which can cause skin dryness.

Use moisturizers fortified with vitamins and minerals: Choose rich creams that provide oil and attract skin moisture. Also, choose products that incorporate age-fighting ingredients such as vitamin A (retinols), vitamin C, kinetin, copper and coenzyme Q10.[12] which are all available in Chi’s moisturisers and serums.

Limit and protect yourself from too much sun exposure: Sunlight can destroy the elastic-like fibres in the skin, if you are exposed for too long. Use long sleeves, hats, pants and other protective clothing when going out in hotter months. Also, use a sunscreen with SPF 30 or more to block UV rays that may penetrate your skin.

Use anti-aging Serums: Free radicals or harmful molecules in the environment are one of the factors that can accelerate aging by destroying cells in the body, potentially leading to different diseases. Fortunately, compounds called anti-oxidants can help neutralize free radicals and can delay the effects of aging.[13] Choose serums fortified with anti-oxidants such as retinols, vitamin E, vitamin C and resveratrol such as Chi’s Kakadu Plum, Swiss Apple Stem Cell, Elastin Plus and Alpha EGF Serums.

Kakadu plum’s medicinal properties are exceptional. It contains phytochemicals such as Gallic and Ellagic acids. Gallic acid has antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal activities, and also shows anti-inflammatory, anti-tumour, anti-mutagenic and anti- bronchodilatory activities. Ellagic acid has anti-carcinogenic effects against a wide range of carcinogens in many human tissues. Science has identified the Aboriginal bush food known as the Kakadu plum as the world’s richest natural source of vitamin C. Studies show the concentration of vitamin C in Kakadu plum to be as high as 3200-5000mg/100g (compared with 50mg/100g for oranges). As we know, vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant and an essential nutrient to help slow the aging process. Vitamin C is essential for the formation of proline, an amino acid that is required to make collagen.

Swiss Apple Stem Cell won the prize in European Innovation “Best Active Ingredient” in 2008. It is a revolutionary technology designed to protect human skin stem cells with the help of stem cells from a rare Swiss apple. Uttwiler Spätlauber is an endangered apple variety that is well-known for its ability to be stored for long periods without shrivelling and thus its longevity potential. These apples are rich in phytonutrients, proteins and long-living cells.

Similar to Collagen, Elastin is a stretchable protein provides the skin with its elasticity. Elastin Plus contains two amino acids that allow the skin to stretch and bounce back to its original position. Topically, Elastin forms a film on the skin locking in natural moisture making it an excellent ingredient for dry and mature skin. Hydrolysed Elastin has a smaller molecular composition from collagen and is able to penetrate the epidermis, improving the suppleness and moisture levels of the skin overall.

Alpha EGF can be applied to the skin to boost tissue regeneration. EGF supports cell renewal by promoting the development of proteins such as collagen, increasing cell division, increasing circulation, increasing the number of fibroblasts, and promoting blood-vessel formation. EGF can also calm and soothe irritated skin and so offers additional post CIT Chi, Nano Infusion and China Doll treatment benefits.

ageing and mature skin treatmentMake lifestyle modifications: To delay the effects of aging and prevent worsening of mature skin, avoid factors that can further contribute to this such as stress, smoking, diet rich in sugar and other refined carbohydrates and sleep deprivation.

In clinic treatments

C.I.T (Collagen Induction Therapy) Chi Pen’s fractional micro delivery system provides unparalleled delivery system of needles, able to cause micro channels into the epidermis and dermis. These micro channels encourage and harnesses the power of the body’s ability to re-grow and repair the skin through the normal physiology of skin. This then results in tissue re-modelling where the skins vascular matrix matures and the skin tightens because new collagen is created.

The Chi Nano Infusion disc is a tiny tip full of micro needles that are hardly visible to the naked eye. When this disc is applied to the skin it pushes the serums painlessly into the skin. Trans-epidermal infusion penetrates the skin at 80 microns, thinner than a human hair and the thickness of the epidermis. During the Chi Nano Infusion technique the skin is coated with a customized Chi serum prior to treatment, so the active ingredients are continuously pushed into the skin. A slight erythema attributes to a successful application. Chi Nano Infusion results in a painless, effective treatment with no need for aesthetic and the client experiences no “down time”.

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References:

  • 1. Draelos, Z. (2015). Cosmeceuticals: Procedures in Cosmetic Dermatology Series, page 38.
  • 2. Somerville, K. (2010). Complexion Perfection!, page 72.
  • 3. Chiras, D., et al (2015). Human Biology, page 492.
  • 4. Nakhla, T. (2011). The Skin Commandments: 10 Rules to Healthy, Beautiful Skin.
  • 5. Pierce, A. (2012). Milady’s Aesthetician Series: Treating Diverse Pigmentation, page 55.
  • 6. Mitchell, D. (2008). Foods That Combat Aging, page 7.
  • 7. Agin, B., et al (2007). Healthy Aging For Dummies, page 103.
  • 8. Gist, T. (2006). You Too, Can Have, The Fruits of Life! Without “White Folks” BS, page 149.
  • 9. Farage, M., et al (2010). Textbook of Aging Skin, page 793.
  • 10. Braverman, E. (2008). The Amazing Way to Reverse Heart Disease Naturally: Beyond the Hypertension Hype, page 32.
  • 11. Culp, J., et al (2012). Milady’s Standard Esthetics: Advanced, page 74.
  • 12. Time Incorporated Home Entertainment (2005). In Style: Getting Gorgeous: The Step-By-Step Guide to Your Best Hair, Makeup and Skin, page 22.
  • 13. Balch, P. (2006). Prescription for Nutritional Healing, page 64.